Evaluation of pre-donation anxiety and attitude of blood donors and its effect on blood pressure and pulse rate

  • Dr. Geet Bhuyan Senior Resident, Department of Pathology, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
  • Dr. Anjumoni Rabha Registrar, Department of Psychiatry, Jorhat Medical College, Assam, India
  • Dr. Rekha Tirkey Medical Officer, Department of Blood Bank, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
  • Dr. Sunil Ranga Professor and Head, Department of Pathology, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
Keywords: Pre donation anxiety, Blood donor, Attitude, Anxiety, Blood pressure, Pulse rate


Background: Previous negative experiences (NEs) during the process of blood donation can result in increased stress and is indicated by blood pressure and pulse rate, at a subsequent donation. The present study investigated the effect of attitude and anxiety in 1st time and regular blood donors with or without any previous NE on the pre-donation blood pressure and pulse rate.

Materials and methods: Pre-donation blood pressure and pulse rate in 1st time and regular donors were measured. The attitude and anxiety were evaluated using a questionnaire and the relationship with a previous NE was assessed. Its effect on the blood pressure and pulse rate was subsequently evaluated. The study was a between-subjects, observational design.

Results: Of the total 200 donors, 165 were males. 54 donors showed signs of anxiety whereas 33 donors had a previous NE. 11 donors (22.44%) who had a previous negative experience showed raised blood pressure whereas 9 donors (18.36%) with a previous negative experience showed a raised pulse rate. Both effective (-0.293) and cognitive (-0.0159) attitudes were negatively correlated with anxiety and were found to be statistically significant.

Conclusion: No significant association was seen in a donor who experienced a negative experience in a previous visit with raised pre-donation blood pressure however, was significantly associated with a raised pulse rate. Moreover, anxiety and increased blood pressure, and increased pulse rate were assessed in first-time donors and it was seen that first-time donors especially showed raised blood pressure and pulse rate.


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DOI: 10.17511/jopm.2020.i07.06
Published: 2020-10-31
How to Cite
Dr. Geet Bhuyan, Dr. Anjumoni Rabha, Dr. Rekha Tirkey, & Dr. Sunil Ranga. (2020). Evaluation of pre-donation anxiety and attitude of blood donors and its effect on blood pressure and pulse rate. Tropical Journal of Pathology and Microbiology, 6(7), 437-442. https://doi.org/10.17511/jopm.2020.i07.06
Original Article