Histopathological study of non-neoplastic skin lesions in a tertiary care center

  • Dr. Sridevi Vijayasankar Associate Professor, Department of Pathology, Sri Muthukumaran Medical College and Hospital and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Dr. Lionel Rohit Mathew Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, Sri Muthukumaran Medical College and Hospital and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Dr. Ezhilvizhi Alavandhar Professor, Department of Pathology, Sri Muthukumaran Medical College and Hospital and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Dr. C.S. Vijayalakshmi Professor and H.O.D, Department of Pathology, Sri Muthukumaran Medical College and Hospital and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Keywords: Histopathology, Haematoxylin, and eosin, Non-neoplastic skin lesions, Noninfectious vesiculobullous diseases

Abstract

Introduction: Skin is the largest organ of our body. Non-neoplastic skin lesions are more common than neoplastic lesions. The histopathological study was done to know the prevalence of various non-neoplastic skin lesions of patients who attended the outpatient department of dermatology over a period of three years from Jan 2016-Dec2018. The present study was based on the histopathological presentation of various non-neoplastic skin lesions, their prevalence, and classifying the lesions into various categories.

Materials and Methods: In this study total of 209 cases of skin lesions were taken over a period of three years. The diagnosis of these skin lesions was confirmed by histopathological examination with routine hematoxylin and eosin stain.

Results: A total of 209 cases of non-neoplastic lesions were taken for the study. Out of these lesions, 63 cases (30.14 %) were non-infectious - vesiculobullous, 54 ( 25.84 %) were reported under the category of infectious etiology, 41 cases (19.62 %) of non-infectious erythematous papulosquamous diseases, 13 cases (6.22 %) of inflammatory disorders, 10 (4.78 %) cases showed connective tissue disorders. 8(3.83%) cases were reported as vasculitis and 2 cases (0.96) of fungal origin. 18 cases come under the miscellaneous category that was correlated clinically and were treated.

Conclusion: In the present study of non-neoplastic skin lesions, non-infectious vesiculobullous diseases were more common. Pemphigus Vulgaris was the most common lesion. The non-neoplastic skin lesions were most commonly seen in males than females in our population of the study.

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Published
2020-08-31
How to Cite
Dr. Sridevi Vijayasankar, Dr. Lionel Rohit Mathew, Dr. Ezhilvizhi Alavandhar, & Dr. C.S. Vijayalakshmi. (2020). Histopathological study of non-neoplastic skin lesions in a tertiary care center. Tropical Journal of Pathology and Microbiology, 6(6), 395-400. https://doi.org/10.17511/jopm.2020.i06.05
Section
Original Article